The number of species in Amazon also means there are animals and even plants that are dangerous to humans. The famous piranha fishes can be found in the rivers and although are shy creatures, they are known to nibble at limbs and can be dangerous. Electric eels can also be found in the waters and are more of a threat because of their ability to stun with shocks through the water.
At the river’s edge, alligators and black caimans wait. In the trees of the dense Amazon Rainforest, large predators like jaguars and cougars prowl. Even insects can be deadly as mosquitoes are known to transmit diseases like malaria and dengue.
Most of the land was first used as cropland that was later developed for pasture once the land could not support crops anymore. With pressure from the international community, deforestation has slowed down, but it still continues at around eighteen thousand square miles a year.
The Amazon Rainforest covers so much land that it is estimated to contribute at least ten percent of carbon absorption worldwide, and releases some twenty percent of the planet’s oxygen. Destroying such a resource would have a detrimental impact, especially with the current trend of global warming models.
This natural wonder of the world can only be truly appreciated up close. Many Peru Amazon tours packages online can help you visit the Amazon Rainforest.